Theodore Dreiser and Sinclair Lewis have largely disappeared from the canon. In his next major novel, The ‘Genius’ (1915), he transformed his own life and numerous love affairs into a sprawling semiautobiographical chronicle that was censured by the New York Society for the Suppression of Vice. His parents were John Paul Dreiser, a German immigrant who was a weaver by trade, and Sarah Schaenaeb Dreiser, a farmer's daughter from Dayton, Ohio. Mencken,[32] declared "that he is a great artist, and that no other American of his generation left so wide and handsome a mark upon the national letters. Dreiser joined the Communist Party USA in August 1945. Sternzeichen Jungfrau 24.08 -23.09. - 28.12. Theodore Daniel Nostwich was a foremost authority on Theodore Dresier. Paul Dresser (1857–1906) was one of his older brothers; Paul changed the spelling of his name as he became a popular songwriter. Theodore Dreiser is considered one of America's greatest naturalists, significant because he wrote at the early stages of the naturalist movement. The poem appeared in The Poetry Quartos, collected and printed by Paul Johnston, and published by Random House in 1929. Dreiser's novels were held to be amoral‚ and he battled throughout his career against censorship and popular taste. This disappointment and an accumulation of family and marital troubles sent Dreiser into a suicidal depression from which he was rescued in 1901 by his brother, Paul Dresser, a well-known songwriter, who arranged for Theodore’s treatment in a sanitarium. Sister Carrie tells the story of a rudderless but pretty small-town girl who comes to the big city filled with … He came to reconsider his opposition to communism and wrote the anticapitalist Tragic America (1931). Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (Terre Haute, Indiana, SAD, 17. kolovoza 1871.- Hollywood, Kalifornija, SAD, 28. prosinca 1945. Part of a large German-American family, and the ninth of ten children, his childhood was marked by poverty. Die Biographie von Theodore Dreiser ist nur eine von über 40.000, die in unseren biographischen Datenbanken Personen, Sport und Pop verfügbar sind. [23] They remained together until his death on December 28, 1945, at the age of 74.[14]:399. Within several years, Dreiser was writing as a journalist for the Chicago Globe newspaper and then the St. Louis Globe-Democrat. Theodore was the twelfth of thirteen children. [4] Dreiser was going to return from his first European vacation on the Titanic but was talked out of it by an English publisher who recommended he board a cheaper boat. Dreiser's first commercial success was An American Tragedy, published in 1925. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (; August 27, 1871 – December 28, 1945) was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. Der amerikanische Schriftsteller. His poem "The Aspirant" (1929) continues his theme of poverty and ambition: A young man in a shabby furnished room describes his own and the other tenants' dreams, and asks "why? If he's the great American novelist, give me the Marx Brothers every time. Doubleday, Page and Company published it the following year, thanks in large measure to the enthusiasm of that firm’s reader, the novelist Frank Norris. His story "My Brother Paul" was a kind of biography of his older brother Paul Dresser, who became a famous songwriter in the 1890s. His only important literary achievement in this decade was the autobiography of his childhood and teens, Dawn (1931), one of the most candid self-revelations by any major writer. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 28, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. After graduating from high school in Warsaw, Indiana, Dreiser attended Indiana University in 1889–1890 without taking a degree. "The Stature of Theodore Dreiser: A Critical Survey of the Man and His Work." Theodore Dreiser, Writer: A Place in the Sun. Just before Theodore's birth, a series of misfortunes had struck the family, rendering them penniless. "[30] The literary scholar F.R. He was a man of large originality, of profound feeling, and of unshakable courage. Theodore Dreiser. Professor of English, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio. A naturalist with a committed social conscience (Dreiser was a socialist in a time when socialists were an established third party and had many … "he turned against his father's orthodox religion and became an atheist. Dreiser Hall, erected 1950 on the Indiana State University campus in Terre Haute, Indiana, houses the University's Communications Programs, Student Media (WISU), Sycamore Video and "The Sycamore" (annual yearbook), classroom and lecture space as well as a 255-seat proscenium theater. He influenced a number of writers, including Sherwood Anderson. His novels often featured main characters who succeeded at their objectives despite a lack of a firm moral code, and literary situations that more closely resemble studies of nature than tales of choice and agency. When Theodore Dreiser first published Sister Carrie in 1900 it was suppressed for its seamy plot, colloquial language, and immorality—for, as one reviewer put it, its depiction of "the godless side of American life. Ursprünglich Arbeiter, später Journalist; Bahnbrecher des Naturalismus in Amerika. Theodore Dreiser Biography. None of his indictments of middle-class America have found an audience today. Dreiser began writing his first novel, Sister Carrie, in 1899 at the suggestion of a newspaper colleague. It seemed to spring from the fact that almost every young person was possessed of an ingrown ambition to be somebody financially and socially. As a person born on this date, Theodore Dreiser is listed in our database as the 60th most popular celebrity for the day (August 27) and the 7th most popular for the year (1871). In 1925 Dreiser’s first novel in a decade, An American Tragedy, based on a celebrated murder case, was published. There ensued 10 years of sustained literary activity during which Dreiser produced a short-story collection, Free and Other Stories (1918); a book of sketches, Twelve Men (1919); philosophical essays, Hey-Rub-a-Dub-Dub (1920); a rhapsodic description of New York, The Color of A Great City (1923); works of drama, including Plays of the Natural and Supernatural (1916) and The Hand of the Potter (1918); and the autobiographical works A Hoosier Holiday (1916) and A Book About Myself (1922). American writing, before and after his time, differed almost as much as biology before and after Darwin. [17], Politically, Dreiser was involved in several campaigns defending radicals whom he believed had been the victims of social injustice. The Great Depression of the 1930s ended Dreiser’s prosperity and intensified his commitment to social causes. ), bio je američki književnik i novinar. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (* 27. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Dreiser College, at Stony Brook University located in Stony Brook, New York, is also named after him. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? by Mary; September 10, 2020; Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser was an American writer and public figure, born on August 27, 1871, in Terre Haute, Indiana (USA). Biography of. [3] John Dreiser was a German immigrant from Mayen in the Eifel region, and Sarah was from the Mennonite farming community near Dayton, Ohio. This second edition, now titled Theodore Dreiser: A Primary Bibliography and Reference Guide, again seeks to provide a comprehensive bibliography of Dreiser's publications and of writing about him. Theodore Dreiser Biography. Name: Theodore Dreiser. The reception accorded his second novel, Jennie Gerhardt (1911), the story of a woman who submits sexually to rich and powerful men to help her poverty-stricken family, lent him further encouragement. Theodore Dreiser (August 27, 1871-December 27, 1945) was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, and baptized as Herman Theodore Dreiser. He based his novel on details and setting of the 1906 murder of Grace Brown by Chester Gillette in upstate New York, which attracted widespread attention from newspapers. Dreiser claimed to have collected such stories every year between 1895 and 1935. Other interviewees included Lillian Nordica, Emilia E. Barr, Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz. They ultimately separated in 1909, partly as a result of Dreiser's infatuation with Thelma Cudlipp, the teenage daughter of a colleague, but were never formally divorced. It became a beacon to subsequent American writers whose allegiance was to the realistic treatment of any and all subject matter. Born August 27, 1871, Theodore Dreiser was the second youngest of a family of ten children. In 1938 Dreiser moved from New York to Los Angeles with Helen Richardson, who had been his mistress since 1920. Dreiser’s own harsh experience of poverty as a youth and his early yearnings for wealth and success would become dominant themes in his novels, and the misadventures of his brothers and sisters in early adult life gave him additional material on which to base his characters. In 2011, Dreiser was inducted into the Chicago Literary Hall of Fame. It sold poorly and was considered controversial because of moral objections to his featuring a country girl who pursues her dreams of fame and fortune through relationships with men. His novels and nonfiction narratives, which he began publishing in his thirties, were controversial for their gritty realism, sexual frankness, and sympathy for the plight of underrepresented people. Dreiser recovered his spirits, and in the next nine years he achieved notable financial success as an editor in chief of several women’s magazines. Dreiser’s sludge-like prose doomed him among readers over the last half century, while Lewis, who achieved fame in the ‘20s, becoming the first American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1930, has seen his reputation sag. In 1942 he began belatedly to rewrite The Bulwark, a novel begun in 1912. [35], Cowie, Alexander, Alfred Kazin, and Charles Shapiro. As a matter of fact, words are, as a rule, the shallowest portion of all the argument. People born on August 27 fall under the Zodiac sign of Virgo, the Virgin. Theodore Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana, on August 27, 1871. Dreiser was the ninth of 10 surviving children in a family whose perennial poverty forced frequent moves between small Indiana towns and Chicago in search of a lower cost of living. In his tribute "Dreiser" from Horses and Men (1923), Sherwood Anderson writes (almost repeated 1916 article[25]): Heavy, heavy, the feet of Theodore. [24] Helen tolerated Dreiser's affairs, and they eventually married on June 13, 1944. Dreiser often was forced to battle against censorship because his depiction of some aspects of life, such as sexual promiscuity, offended authorities and challenged popular standards of acceptable opinion. [2] Dreiser's best known novels include Sister Carrie (1900) and An American Tragedy (1925). He began a career as a newspaper reporter in Chicago in 1892 and worked his way to the East Coast. Theodore Dreiser Wiki, Biography, Net Worth, Age, Family, Facts and More. This story was the basis for the 1942 romantic movie My Gal Sal. Theodore Dreiser (1871 - 1945) is considered one of the great American novelists from early in the 20th century, along with Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, and Jack London. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Theodore Dreiser, (born Aug. 27, 1871, Terre Haute, Ind., U.S.—died Dec. 28, 1945, Hollywood, Calif.), novelist who was the outstanding American practitioner of naturalism. Through these readings and his own experience, Dreiser came to believe that human beings are helpless in the grip of instincts and social forces beyond their control, and he judged human society as an unequal contest between the strong and the weak. The last was published posthumously in 1947. Like other naturalistic novelists of the 1890s Theodore Dreiser believed in evolutionary and materialistic determinism and gave these ideas powerful expression. His mother’s gentle and compassionate outlook sprang from her Czech Mennonite background. He was raised a strict catholic. While writing for a Pittsburgh newspaper in 1894, he read works by the scientists T.H. [19] He praised the Soviet Union under Stalin during the Great Terror and the nonaggression pact with Hitler. A collection of Dreiser’s philosophical speculations, Notes on Life, appeared in 1974. He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of the real-life subject matter. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (17.8. [31], One of Dreiser's strongest champions during his lifetime, H.L. Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana to John Paul Dreiser and Sarah Maria (née Schanab). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The couple separated permanently in 1912. [6] Other interviewees included Lillian Nordica, Emilia E. Barr, Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz. There he set about marketing the film rights to his earlier works. Biography: Theodore Dreiser was born in Terre Haute, Indiana on August 27, 1871. Theodore was the twelfth of thirteen children (the ninth of the ten surviving). Wöchentlich bringen wir neue Porträts, publizieren redaktionell überarbeitete Texte und aktualisieren darüberhinaus Hunderte von Biographien. His father, a German immigrant, was a mostly unemployed millworker who subscribed to a stern and narrow Roman Catholicism. American author‚ outstanding representative of naturalism‚ whose novels depict real-life subjects in a harsh light. They are under the illusion that talking effects great results. Prev Article Next Article . Todesort: Hollywood. Dreiser recorded his experiences on a trip to Europe in A Traveler at Forty (1913). [14]:44 His featuring young women as protagonists dramatized the social changes of urbanization, as young people moved from rural villages to cities. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser; Theodore Dreiser: Material Type: Biography: Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: W A Swanberg; Mazal Holocaust Collection. He became involved in a variety of causes and slackened his literary production. From 1892, when Dreiser began work as a newspaperman, he had begun, to observe a certain type of crime in the United States that proved very common. Biography; Herman Theodore Dreiser Herman Theodore Dreiser. Geburtsort: Terre Haute/Ind. These included Dreiser Looks at Russia (1928), the result of his 1927 trip to the Soviet Union, and two books presenting a critical perspective on capitalist America, Tragic America (1931) and America Is Worth Saving (1941). His parents were John Paul and Sara Maria Dreiser. Finding aid to Theodore Dreiser letters and manuscripts, 1897-1939, at Columbia University. His second novel Jennie Gerhardt was published in 1911. He was the twelfth of thirteen children of John, a German immigrant, and … Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser rođen je krajem kolovoza 1871. u Indiani, u mjestu Terre Haute kao deveto od desetoro žive, a 12-o od 13 djece koliko je Sarah Maria Schanab rodila u braku s Johnom Paulom Dreiserom. Dezember 1945 in Los Angeles) war ein US-amerikanischer Schriftsteller und neben Stephen Crane und Frank Norris ein Hauptvertreter des literarischen Naturalismus in Amerika. He wrote several articles on writers such as Nathaniel Hawthorne, William Dean Howells, Israel Zangwill, and John Burroughs, and interviewed public figures such as Andrew Carnegie, Marshall Field, Thomas Edison, and Theodore Thomas. The book has acquired a considerable reputation. The book’s highly critical view of the American legal system also made him the adopted champion of social reformers. You will find all the basic Information about Theodore Dreiser. Dreiser’s spotty education in parochial and public schools was capped by a year (1889–90) at Indiana University. Rare Book & Manuscript Library. Dreiser had an enormous influence on the generation that followed his. [10] Unknown to Maude, Henry sold a half-interest in the house to Dreiser to finance a move to New York without her. Other works include Trilogy of Desire, which was based on the life of Charles Tyson Yerkes, who became a Chicago streetcar tycoon. Theodore Dreiser was one of the most influential American authors of his generation. In the middle and late ’30s his growing social consciousness and his interest in science converged to produce a vaguely mystical philosophy. It is composed of The Financier (1912), The Titan (1914), and The Stoic. Web. How easy to pick some of his books to pieces, to laugh at him for so much of his heavy prose ... [T]he fellows of the ink-pots, the prose writers in America who follow Dreiser, will have much to do that he has never done. Dreiser holds an interesting footnote in history. He was the nineth of ten to surviving. August 1871 in Terre Haute, Indiana; † 28. A visit to the Soviet Union in 1927 produced a skeptical critique of that communist society entitled Dreiser Looks at Russia (1928). Theodore Dreiser - Theodore Dreiser - Works: Dreiser’s first novel, Sister Carrie (1900), is a work of pivotal importance in American literature despite its inauspicious launching. American novelist Herman Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) projected a vitality and an honesty that established several of his novels as classics of world literature. Theodore Dreiser was one of the great American writers, and a transitional figure between Victorian America and the "modern" age that was inaugurated after the cessation of hostilities after WWI and the publication of Sinclair Lewis' "Main Street" in 1920. It was named for Dreiser in 1966. He was the leading figure in a national literary movement that replaced the observance of Victorian notions of propriety with the unflinching presentation of real-life subject matter. "[14]:398, After proposing in 1893, he married Sara Osborne White on December 28, 1898. But Doubleday’s qualms about the book, the story line of which involves a young kept woman whose “immorality” goes unpunished, led the publisher to limit the book’s advertising, and consequently it sold fewer than 500 copies. This book brought Dreiser a degree of critical and commercial success he had never before attained and would not thereafter equal. Fortune hunting became a disease with the frequent result of a peculiarly American kind of crime, a form of "murder for money", when "the young ambitious lover of some poorer girl" found "a more attractive girl with money or position" but could not get rid of the first girl, usually because of pregnancy.[15]. Among other themes, his novels explore the new social problems that had arisen in a rapidly industrializing America. Sister Carrie was a movement away from the emphasis on morals of the Victorian era and focused more on realism and the base instincts of humans. Zitierweise Dreiser, Theodore, Indexeintrag: Deutsche Biographie, https://www.deutsche-biographie.de/pnd118527355.html [13.12.2020]. [21][22], In 1919, Dreiser met his cousin Helen Patges Richardson (1894-1955) with whom he began an affair. His only other significant publications in the late 1920s were collections of stories and sketches written earlier, Chains (1927) and A Gallery of Women (1929), and an unsuccessful collection of poetry, Moods, Cadenced and Declaimed (1926). In response to witnessing a lynching in 1893, Dreiser wrote the short story "Nigger Jeff" (1901), which was published in Ainslee's Magazine.[13]. Radnja njegovih romana vezana je uz razvoj i moralnu degeneraciju snažnih i ambicioznih ličnosti (Sestra Carrie, Financijer, Titan i Genije). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Theodore Dreiser was one of the great American writers, and a transitional figure between Victorian America and the "modern" age that was inaugurated after the cessation of hostilities after WWI and the publication of Sinclair Lewis' "Main Street" in 1920. "Geschichte ist die Biographie der Menschheit", Ludwig Börne (1786-1837) Theodore Dreiser. He gives the feeling that he doesn't have any native language". 108 quotes from Theodore Dreiser: 'People in general attach too much importance to words. In 1930 he was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature by Swedish author Anders Österling, but was passed over in favor of Sinclair Lewis. Theodore Dreiser was born on August 27, 1871, from parents Sarah Schanab and Johann Dreiser in Terre Haute, Indiana. Though known primarily as a novelist, Dreiser also wrote short stories, publishing his first collection Free and Other Stories in 1918, made up of 11 stories. It has been called the "greatest of all American urban novels."[12]. [7], During 1899, the Dreisers stayed with Arthur Henry and his wife Maude Wood Henry at the House of Four Pillars, an 1830s Greek Revival house in Maumee, Ohio. Dreiser also wrote poetry. Theodore Dreiser was a famous American author, who was born on August 27, 1871. The ninth of ten surviving children, Dreiser grew up in an impoverished household in Terre Haute, but lived most of his adult life in New York City. Theodore Herman Albert Dreiser (/ˈdraɪsər, -zər/;[1] August 27, 1871 – December 28, 1945) was an American novelist and journalist of the naturalist school. (Sara White Dreiser had died in 1942.) In November 1931, Dreiser led the National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners (NCDPP) to the coalfields of southeastern Kentucky, where they took testimony from coal miners in Pineville and Harlan on the pattern of violence against the miners and their unions by the coal operators known as the Harlan County War. "[29] A British view of Dreiser came from the publisher Rupert Hart-Davis: "Theodore Dreiser's books are enough to stop me in my tracks, never mind his letters—that slovenly turgid style describing endless business deals, with a seduction every hundred pages as light relief. One of his last acts was to join the American Communist Party. Leavis wrote that Dreiser "seems as though he learned English from a newspaper. Dreiser's father had come from Germany twenty-five years before and through hard work became a man of wealth and position. His father, John Paul, had previously been a cotton mill manager, but a series of unfortunate accidents caused his fortunes to dwindle. He was the ninth of ten surviving children (three others died as infants) of Säräh Schanab and Johann Dreiser. ", National Committee for the Defense of Political Prisoners, Hey Rub-a-Dub-Dub: A Book of the Mystery and Wonder and Terror of Life, "Seven Famous People Who Missed the Titanic", "Lucas County : 2-48 House of Four Pillars", "Theodore Dreiser (1871-1945) His Friendship to the Soviet People in 1938-1941", "Edward Weston, R. M. Schindler, Anna Zacsek, Lloyd Wright, Lawrence Tibbett, Reginald Pole, Beatrice Wood and Their Dramatic Circles", "Clara Jaeger Secretary and mistress to Theodore Dreiser", The International Theodore Dreiser Society, American Writers: A Journey Through History. [9] There Dreiser began work on his first novel, Sister Carrie, published in 1900. Theodore Dreiser: A Primary and Secondary Bibliography, by Donald Pizer, Richard W. Dowell, and Frederic E. Rusch, was published by G.K. Hall & Company in 1975. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theodore_Dreiser&oldid=992379898, Burials at Forest Lawn Memorial Park (Glendale), Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [18], Dreiser was a committed socialist and wrote several nonfiction books on political issues. Theodore Dreiser's Biography. Biography; Significance to American Literature; Style Elements; Links; Pictures; Early Life. American Literature 28.2 (1956): 244. He was born the ninth of ten children, and lived a rather harsh childhood with his family. "[28], Renowned mid-century literary critic Irving Howe spoke of Dreiser as ranking "among the American giants, the very few American giants we have had. Checkout Theodore Wiki Age, Biography, Career, Height, Weight, Family. Omissions? why?" [23] Through the following decades, she remained the constant woman in his life, even through many more temporary love affairs (such as one with his secretary Clara Jaeger in the 1930s). In later life Dreiser would bitterly associate religion with his father’s ineffectuality and the family’s resulting material deprivation, but he always spoke and wrote of his mother with unswerving affection. Finding aid to Theodore Dreiser was born the ninth of ten surviving theodore dreiser biography. Also named after him lie behind Philip Armour and Alfred Stieglitz, which was on! At Forty ( 1913 ), a German immigrant, was published capped by a year ( 1889–90 at. 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